Resisting Descriptivist terms for intentional concepts

Descriptive theories of reference stand in contrast to Causal theories. Eliniativist Arg: (Churchland) - intentional concepts defined by folk psychology are likely false. -presumes descriptive account- are non-referring

Problem with causal theories ; continuity too easy Reference sometimes ambiguous “The qua problem”

Some causal theories - Nomological theories (Fodor) - c's refer to r's by virtue if nomic connection between c's and r's

Do we need reference-fixers?

Conditions for ref-fixing I. II. Iii. Sensitivity to intentions in others - emotional contagion - gaze following

Consequence of causal framework is that children do reference fixing of intentional states without understanding conceptually what they're doing

Summary Conclusion: Reference fixing must precede concept acquisition.